Post-traumatic stress disorder, commonly known as PTSD, affects nearly 10% of America’s population. People who suffer from it experience nightmares, insomnia, and depression, among others. It not only affects the person who is suffering from it but also the people around, such as family. Because of this, it is imperative that everybody involved in a PTSD case is well informed about what it is and how to treat it. This article will focus on some of the most efficient treatments for PTSD, from traditional approaches to newer ways of treating this disorder.
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Although it is true that some of the most effective treatments for PTSD focus on exposure methods, some people suffering from this disorder might be reluctant to re-experience traumatic events again. Since PTSD takes place within a social context, it is crucial that therapy does not focus only on the trauma itself but also on how to adapt to living in society again. Family and interpersonal therapies are highly helpful in preparing patients to deal with the social barriers that PTSD can bring. On the other hand, there are some other therapies, such as psychotherapy, that focus on making the patient be more connected with his or her emotions again. This is because many people with PTSD become emotionally detached and highly irritated. The main purpose of this latter type of therapy is to sensitize the patient once again.
The impact of technology on today’s world is undeniable. It applies to all fields, and psychology is not the exception. One treatment that has become increasingly popular in the last years is virtual reality exposure. VR allows patients with PTSD to recreate the traumatic events that affected them under the guidance of a therapist. By doing this, the patients not only revisit those events that marked them but also gain new insights and perspectives. Consequently, the patients will better understand what happened to them, and will be on a path to recover more easily.
The approaches for treating PTSD are innumerable. There is no treatment considered to be the best or the most effective. It all varies according to each person’s situation and social context. Therefore, seeking professional help is fundamental for the treatment’s success.